NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 4 Getting to Know Plants

Understanding Plants: NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 4 Solutions

Explore the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 4 "Getting to Know Plants" designed specifically for students following the CBSE syllabus. These comprehensive solutions offer detailed answers to all the concepts covered in the chapter, ensuring a thorough understanding of the subject matter. Whether you're learning about plant parts, growth patterns, or functions, these solutions provide the clarity you need to excel in your studies. Dive into this chapter with confidence, knowing that these solutions are here to support your learning journey every step of the way.

Topics and Sub-Topics in Class 6 Science Chapter 4 Getting to Know Plants:

Section NameTopic Name
4Getting to Know Plants
4.1Herbs, Shrubs and Trees
4.2Stem
4.3Leaf
4.4Root
4.5Flower

Q 1: Correct the following statements and rewrite them in your notebook.

(a) Stem absorbs water and minerals from the soil.

(b) Leaves hold the plant upright.

(c) Roots conduct water to the leaves.

(d) The number of petals and stamens in a flower is always equal.

(e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are also joined together.

(f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil is joined to the petal.

Ans:

a) Roots absorb water and minerals from the soil.

b) Stem holds the plant upright.

c) Stems conduct water to the leaves.

d) The number of petals and stamens in a flower may not always be equal.

e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are separate.

f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil may or may not be joined to the petal.

Q 2: Draw (a) a leaf, (b) a tap root and (c) a flower, you have studied for Table 4.3.

Ans: (a)

leaf

(b)

tap root

(c)

flower

Q 3: Can you find a plant in your house or in your neighbourhood which has a long but weak stem? Write its name. In which category will you place it?

Ans

Yes, lauki (gourd) plant needs support. It is a climber.

Q 4: What is the function of a stem in a plant?

Ans  A stem performs the following functions:

  • Support: The stem holds up the leaves, flowers, and fruits of the plant.
  • Transport: It facilitates the movement of water, minerals, and food materials between the roots and leaves through specialized tissues called xylem and phloem.
  • Storage: The stem stores food and water reserves that the plant can use when needed.
  • Growth: It contributes to the overall growth of the plant, both in height and width, by producing new cells in its meristematic tissues.
  • Vital Role: Ultimately, the stem plays a crucial role in the survival and growth of plants.

Q 5: Which of the following leaves have reticulate venation?
Wheat, tulsi, maize, grass, coriander (dhania), china rose.

Ans:

The leaves with reticulate venation are:

  • Tulsi
  • Coriander (Dhania)
  • China rose

Q 6: If a plant has fibrous roots, what type of venation are its leaves likely to have?

Ans:

If a plant has a fibrous root, its leaves have parallel venation.

Q 7: If a plant has leaves with reticulate venation, what kind of roots will it have?

Ans: Tap root.

Q 8:  Is it possible for you to recognise the leaves without seeing them? How?

Ans: Yes, it is possible to find whether a plant has taproot or fibrous roots by looking at the impression of its leaf on a sheet of paper.

Q 9: Write the names of the parts of a flower in sequence, from outside to inside.

Ans:

The names of various parts of a flower from outside to inside are:
(i) Sepals
(ii) Petals
(iii) Stamens
(iv) Pistil

Q 10: Which of the following plants have you seen? Of those that you have seen, which one have flowers?
Grass, maize, wheat, chilli, tomato, tulsi, pipal, shisham, banyan, mango, jamun, guava, pomegranate, papaya, banana, lemon, sugarcane, potato, groundnut

Ans:

The plants that have flowers are grass, maize, wheat, chilli, tomato, tulsi, peepal, shisham, banyan (flowers lie inside its fruits), mango, jamun, guava, Pomegranate, papaya, banana, lemon, sugarcane, potato, groundnut

Q 11:  Name the part of the plant which produces its food. Name this process.

Ans:

The part of the plant that produces its food is the leaf. This process is called photosynthesis.

Q 12: In which part of a flower will you find the ovary?

Ans:

The ovary is typically found in the lower part of a flower, usually at the base of the pistil.

Q 13 : Name two flowers, each with joined and separates sepals. 

Ans:

Two flowers with joined sepals:

  1. Hibiscus
  2. Jasmine

Two flowers with separate sepals:

  1. Marigold
  2. Sunflower

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